limnology (2hr, morning). Still and
running waters (lentic and lotic environments);
physical and chemical characteristics of
freshwater; kinds of substrate; granulometry of
depths; oxygen as main limitant factor for
aquatic organisms; water pollution.
Field activity (4hrs, afternoon).
Environmental observations, survey of main
environmental parameters (temperature, sunlight,
soil and substrate, current speed, water body
width and depth); collection of
macroinvertebrates; the dredge, cleaning and
bagging of the sample, preparation of labels;
searching and observing Amphibians.
Zoology of the main groups of italian aquatic
macroinvertebrates with regard to bioindicators
Amphibians (2hr, morning): morphological
features of different gropus, with regard to
European fauna; systematics; evolution of the
group; how do the amphibians work? Physiology
and evolutive history of metamorphosis; methods
Field activity and sample collecting of
amphibians: how can I distinguish different
species? Keys for determination and call
listening; observation of different habitats.
Sampling of macroinvertebrates (3hrs,
How potential reproductive habitats of
amphibians can be detected? What to look for?
How? Importance of image of research (2hrs,
Sorting of samples. Preparation of tubes; count
of specimens; observation and identification of
macroinvertebrates; conservation of samples;
data and results (2hrs,
Attempt to apply the EBI (extended biotic index)
method for an evaluation of water quality;
amphibians as bioindicators: a possible
approach? (2hrs afternoon).